Pentagon. "It perplexed me at first, but still it was more fun than math.". Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian, Octagon, 2010.Image courtesy of the artist and Third Line Gallery, Dubai, UAE. Monir Farmanfarmaian in conversation with Lauren Oneil Butler in: Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian, Art Forum, 2015. framed: 84 by 114cm. Through her studies abroad, she combined traditional Iranian techniques with Western geometric abstraction to create unique and culturally ambiguous paintings … Credit Line Museum purchase with funds donated by Barbara L. and Theodore B. Alfond through the Acorn Foundation. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. © 2020 BBC. "More than anything else, I regretted the loss of my drawings, not just because those sketchbooks had followed me all through my life, but damn it, they were really good.". This work is in very good condition. The lot is sold in the condition it is in at the time of sale. "In America, after the revolution, after the [Gulf] war, nobody wanted to do anything with Iran," she said. After gender-divided subway systems are negotiated, heaving alleyways and human tidewaters, the foothills of the Alborz Mountains are reached. Reverse glass painting and mirror reverse plexiglass painting on plaster and wood. Monir left Iran and returned many times as the country underwent radical change over her life. Although she has lived longer in New York than in her homeland, her work is deeply rooted in Iranian culture, architecture and traditions, both formal and spiritual. Best known for mirror mosaic and reverse-painted glass, Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian ’s work mixes geometric abstraction with the cosmic patterning of her Iranian heritage. But much of it would be lost years later, along with Monir's own work and her Warhol print, as revolution swept Iran. Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian died on 20 April in Tehran, aged 97. "I sat in a jet-lagged stupor and drank in the smells of home," she wrote, "the sooty perfume of kerosene heaters with overtones of dill, parsley, fenugreek and aromatic rice that hinted at lunch, and the sourceless, ever-present mystery of rosewater. Over six decades, Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian (1922 - 2019) investigated the intricate geometries of her Iranian heritage, reconfiguring traditional craft techniques to explore the philosophical, poetic, and perceptual possibilities of interlocking primary forms. Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian (Persian: منیر شاهرودی فرمانفرمائیان ‎; 16 December 1922 – 20 April 2019) was an Iranian artist and a collector of traditional folk art. Monir Shahroudy, as she was born, was raised in the northern Iranian city of Qazvin among peach, almond and walnut trees. Bahman Kiarostami . Artwork page for ‘Pentagon’, Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian, 2008 Exposição: Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian: Possibilidade Infinita. A pivotal shift that forever altered her creative path occurred after Monir visited the Shah Cheragh Mosque in Shiraz during a 1966 visit back to Iran with friends. In Islamic design the triangle is the intelligent human being” (Monir Farmanfarmaian cited in: The artist in conversation with Hans Ulrich Obrist and Karen Marta, Monir Shahroudy . The art of Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian reflects a life lived between two cultures. Through her studies abroad, she combined traditional Iranian techniques with Western geometric abstraction to create unique and culturally ambiguous paintings and objects. That day came in 2015, with one of her largest shows yet, Infinite Possibility. Monir had seen mirror mosaics before that day in the mausoleum in Shiraz - the style had been used elsewhere in Iran - but none had affected her in quite the same way. No, this was not New York. ", .css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link{color:inherit;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:focus,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:focus{color:#B80000;-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link::after,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited::after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;z-index:2;}BBC 100 Women 2015: Iranian artist Monir Farmanfarmaian, Iranian women - before and after the Islamic Revolution. (3) Final Disco 4, 2018. Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian lives on the other side of town. Love - or at least the prospect of it - took Monir back to Iran in 1957, in the guise of Abol Farmanfarmaian, a man of aristocratic background who had babysat for her first daughter in New York. Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian (Persian: منیر شاهرودی فرمانفرمائیان ‎; 16 December 1922 – 20 April 2019) was an Iranian artist and a collector of traditional folk art. There was a practical reason for the style: centuries ago, mirrors that were imported from Europe had often broken by the time they had arrived, and so they were reused. There was time for one last move back to Iran, where Monir continued working with the craftsmen she so valued. 1924) Pentagon with an artist's plaque (attached to the reverse) mirror mosaic, reverse-glass painting and plaster on Plexiglass 42 7/8 x 44 7/8in. About. Want to sell a work by this artist? Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian (Iranian, 1922-2019) 2011 Medium/Technique Mirror, glass, paint, glitter, wood, plastic laminate, white Plexiglas, tile adhesive Dimensions Overall: 114.9 x 109.2 x 12.3 cm (45 1/4 x 43 x 4 13/16 in.) BBC 100 Women 2015: Iranian artist Monir Farmanfarmaian, The spy who helped mastermind the Sydney Opera House, Iran's women before and after the revolution, The $3bn art collection hidden in Tehran vaults, Shiva Balaghi wrote that Monir and Abol would often walk by the Guggenheim Museum. "I imagined myself standing inside a many-faceted diamond and looking out at the sun. Mirror and reverse plexiglass painting reverse glass painting on plaster and wood. "Were my mirror mosaics hanging now on some mullah's wall?" New York +1 212 636 2000. - Monir Farmanfarmaian in conversation with Lauren Oneil Butler in: Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian, Art Forum, 2015. Pentagon, Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian, Monir, 2008, Acrylic sheet and mirrored glass. “It’s Embarrassing. Purchased 2009. "The very space seemed on fire, the lamps blazing in hundreds of thousands of reflections," she would later write in her memoir. Courtesy The Third Line The solid forms of the spheres, helices and polyhedrons she made become fonts of light in themselves: not solid but made of pure appearance, shifting as the viewer moved around them. Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian, Kinetic Star in Pentagon, 2018, Reverse glass painting and mirror, reverse plexiglass painting on plaster and wood, 140 x 120 cm / Courtesy of the artist and The Third Line . The queen of dazzling mirrored mosaic works and glass paintings, Farmanfarmaian was raised by educated parents in the small, religious town of Qazvin in northwest Iran, where she was born in 1922. View all . It was here that a memorial to Monir was held by her friends on Thursday. Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian, variation on a Hexagon 14, 1976 Pencil on paper51 x 35.5 cm Courtesy of the artist and The Third Line, Dubai … But the influence of Iran, and of that moment, never left her work. Tehran is more shining, shimmying colossus than common metropolis, and crossing the city’s dense sprawl takes resolve. Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian (Iranian, b. Two weeks later, Iran's main spiritual leader, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, returned after 14 years in exile. MONIR SHAHROUDY FARMANFARMAIAN (1922 - 2019) “My work is largely based on geometry which, as you know, always begins with a single point and can move from there into a circle. Reverse glass painting and mirror on ball. Just as the colours of Iran had never left her paintings of flowers, as her teachers noted, all her happy memories of her homeland had remained in place. It was the moment that reshaped her artistic career. I was inspired by the geometry I found in old mosques with their tile, metal, wood, and plaster work.”. Contact us Contact Client Service info@christies.com. Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian was a contemporary Iranian artist known for transforming Persian pictorial language into Modernist forms. Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian in her studio working on Heptagon Star, Tehran, 1975, 1975. After months of protests and strikes, the US-supported Shah and his family were forced to leave the country in January 1979. This is the first U.S. museum exhibition of mirror works and drawings by Iranian artist Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian (b. Qazvin, Iran, 1924). One of her earliest memories was of being chased through the bazaar by a camel she had unwisely decided to chide. April 21, 2019. she wondered. It combines the rich patterns and geometry found in the folk art heritage of her native Iran with the modern abstract art of the New York City avant garde. … Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian at the Orangerie, Vienna, in 2009, photo by Bernhard Benke. The biggest challenge she had to overcome, she told the Guardian in 2011, was getting people to view Iran differently. 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